Millennials Are Killing Ham Radio

I just wanted to write this to start the conversation in order to disrupt amateur radio’s status quo, in response to K0NR’s blog, “Is The Internet Destroying Amateur Radio?” This was a great analysis by Bob, and it really paints a picture of the current state of the hobby, including the apparent distaste for internet-connected amateur radio technologies.

And also because nobody else has had an article with this title, so why not?  Despite being clickbait, the title isn’t wrong. Millennials are definitely killing ham radio, just like they’re killing everything else. Here’s how.

Full disclosure: I am 25 years old. Also and this blog is a rant, full of unverifiable anecdotes and wild propositions, probably a few spelling errors, and many incoherent thoughts. Opinions are my own. QRZ OM’s beware.

The Maker Movement

The Hobbiest Computer movement of the 80s (all of you with a TRS-80) is now the hacker/maker movement, automating life with microcontrollers, tiny computers, and data centers.

Amateur radio is to The Baby Boomer and Generation X’s youth as IOT is to Millennials and Gen Y.

Interest in “talking to people on the radio” is waning; it’s about talking to machines, and enabling machines to talk to us. That’s why the maker movement is such a hit, especially now as commercial entities have also entered the fray with off the shelf IoT devices. I’m thankful for the the ARRL for realizing this critical market, and repping ham radio at many Makerfaires and Hackercons.

Homebrewing on the Decline

China controls hardware development and manufacturing. We (the US (Silicon Valley)) specialize in software. Homebrewing hardware from scratch isn’t going to be a thing in the next 20 years, because the ashes of failed electronic appliances from which many a ham radio Phoenix was born are no longer durable, salvageable, salvageable goods – once dead and broken, they’re trash.

Now is the time of software homebrewing, and the idea of ham radio as a means to an end.

The evidence:

  1. Heathkit, despite their resurrection, can’t figure their $h!+ out. They just can’t. Other kit companies (like Ramsey) have shut down, as well as Radioshack.
  2. Elecraft stopped making thru-hole kits in favor of assembly projects with pre-populated surface-mount PCBs. Many other outfits stopped kit building entirely, because it’s just cheaper to have China do all of the fab and assembly.
  3. Software defined radio, in general, is dominating the radio communications market, both from a hobbyist perspective (RTLSDR, HackRF), an academic one (GNURadio, USRP) to commercial and military (to name a few: cell phones, airband radios; weather, civil air, and tactical radar systems; radio observatories; MANETJTIDS)
  4. The non-traditional sense of ham radio is quickly becoming a centerpiece, if not a regular side-item, of Hackaday articles, makerspaces, and makerfaires.

However,  I will admit the Ham Nation Pineboard project is particularly popular, and is doing a great thing bringing tubes back into focus and captivating/inspiring viewers to try it themselves, but I’m going out on a limb saying it’s probably most popular with their target demographic…a young person might be following along but it’s not changing the face of the hobby anytime soon. One of the student members of  W0EEE (Missouri S&T) is a die-hard tube fanatic, but to everyone else, he’s the tube guy.

Speaking of which – target demographic. The target demographic of every single amateur radio show, podcast, club, media outlet, society, magazine, livestream, or otherwise, is not young people.

The ARRL however, has been making a lot of good strides to engage the new generation of hams (1)(2)(3)(4), yet still, the ARRL can only do so much to interest younger people, which takes away resources from engaging their demographic core of white male retirees.  For example – why no youth editor? I was the last one, before my editor, Khrystyne K1SFA, left the ARRL, which left a hole requiring them to kill the Youth Editor (the articles still remain on their website), and The Amateur Amateur (which still exists at his website). But why no top-level Youth Coordinator? Why not a report on the effort of, or a collaboration between, our Section Youth Coordinators in the ARRL Field Organization Structure? Are we all just relying on Carole Perry‘s and the late Ellie and Rip Van Winkel’s of the ham radio world to inspire and educate young people about ham radio? Surely there’s opportunity for ARRL, as well as every ham radio club out there.

Kids LOVE Digital Modes! Right?

No. From my experience over the last seven years, digital Amateur Radio is not intrinsically exciting to young people, as many have been touting. It is a lot better than voice and CW, but still exists the fact that as an individual, it’s a troubling process to decide where to spend your (mother’s) money – $300 on a DSTAR radio, $100 for a DMR, both full of people talking about how robotic they sound, or $400 for an HF station to do digital data modes, full of canned responses (PSK31) or hardly any response at all (FT8).

These are also communication between people, which begs the titular question posed by K0NR. People-to-people communication is trivial, and although some young hams (me) find it really cool to talk to people beyond shouting distance with the raw elements of a radio station,what’s much more interesting and impactful to the next generation is is the idea of people-to-machine communication. In other words, Digital Voice is dumb, Digital Data is smart, and the only ways to utilize digital data are explicitly NOT provided by the commercial manufacturers of amateur radio(1), but instead by Adafruit, Ubiquiti; HackRF, RFSpace, and USRP; and soon FaradayRF, among others.

The Next Big Things for Ham Radio

Remote Operating for HF

Here’s where I disagree with K0NR’s analysis.

Perhaps more importantly, we can’t really stop the impact of new technology. Oh, I suppose the amateur radio community could petition the FCC to restrict [internet assisted] use of ham radio. There could be regulations that limit the use of the internet being interconnected with Part 97 radio operation.

I believe that remote operating, and other internet-assisted means of ham radio operation, are critical to youth engagement.

RemoteHamRadio is the shining example of where ham radio operating is heading. they have an awesome Youth Program, allowing young people that are:

– 25 years old or younger
– A General class or higher license
– A member of the ARRL
– Interested in or Experienced with in DXing/Contesting

to operate remote online stations for free.

Remote Hams is a totally free alternative, but it’s up to the host to restrict operation, which is frustrating when you’re clicking through servers, only to find it’s locked by membership to whatever radio club is hosting it.

Finally WebSDR and OpenWebRX are always open to everyone to receive tons of spectrum, remotely.

Despite that, it’s ultimately a much MUCH better solution in the short term for young hams to operate remotely, than it is to persuade their mom’s to fork up a relative ton of money for a radio, antenna, a pole if no trees are around…etc.

Because young people do not often have access to the the kind of money an HF radio station requires, I strongly believe to captivate more young people, we need to do more of one of these two things.

  1. Promote your club’s shack, your own shack to young people.
  2. Put your shack on a remote service provider for others to use when you’re not.

For young people to join the hobby, it’s critically important to bring ham radio where the young people are, which is, for the most part, the internet.

If I knew this when I was younger, my mom would have been around $900 richer!

Ham Radio Hackathons

One thing I’m thinking of  starting up are Ham Radio Hackathons. I mentioned it in a previous blog which has surprisingly gotten a lot of traction with my tiny contingent of readers.

A hackathon isn’t a coding competition. It’s explained well in this Medium article. It goes even further than that, not limited to coders and engineers, but open to thinkers, doers, philosophers, system engineers, math people, teachers, students, artists, stakeholders…anyone with an interest in solving a problem with technology.

Ham radio has a bunch of problems with technology.

  1. It’s far behind the curve. We’re spitting out digital modes faster than K9PG can work a sweep, but compared to what’s already on the shelf, why would anyone bother with ham radio?
  2. When I think about software like Log4OM, LOTW, eQSL, and HRD, I get frustrated. It’s great software, and many volunteer hours have poured into their development, but it’s so feature dense, developed in vacuums, hard to use, buggy, and lacking in UX.  A good example of software is Fldigi – it’s fast, and light…hence *FL*digi. APRS is really nifty, especially aprs.fi, but a person needs too much stuff or really expensive radios to get on it via RF (most people seem to be going direct to APRS-IS anyway) and getting into the development side of it is making me pull my hair out, just starting with the fact it’s based on the Bell 202 modem invented in 1972!!! Are you $#!++!n& me!? I mean, what a fantastic utilization of resources…in 1978. It’s time for something fresh, now. 
  3. There are dozens of ham radio websites stuck in 1990 (two of them are in K0NR’s blog (1)(2)…I’d  almost argue that ham radio is killing the internet!), it seems like every ham radio developer has to repeatedly reinventing the wheel with logging programs, everyone still uses email reflectors, tons of ham radio apps just crash upon startup, the Digital Voice debate (when we should really focus on digital data, breaking through the baudrate limitation, and interlinking everything), the logistical challenges of testing (3 VEs to proctor a test in person, c’mon…that’s not to say I don’t disagree with the lack of practical on-the-air knowledge in the newbie amateur radio generation; however I don’t think that’s not a fault of the amateur, that’s a fault on the lack of elmership to personally show them how it’s done).
  4. What gets us excited is contesting, YOTA, giant spectrum monitors, networking, automation, IOT, SDRs, remote ham radio operation, and the general advancement of radio technology, which is abreast of the core of amateur radio’s mission statement. But, how are we going to be at the cutting edge, when things like Wifi, LTE, Zigbee, P25, etc has passed our tech up?
  5. If anything, hackathons could stir up a lot of discussion and disrupt the status quo, for example baudrate limitations or, as Bob seems hopeful for, regulatory snafu’s regarding remote operations.

I think hackathons are, right now, the best opportunity to identify and start solving the technical and even social problems of ham radio.

I’m helping plan such ham radio hackathon (hamathon?). Let me know if you’re interested. I forsee a pre-Hamvention hackathon/thinktank event much like Four Days in May and Contest University, as well as standalone events accompanying the larger ARRL conventions like Pacificon, Huntsville Hamfest, Hamcation, and so on.

Does this mean Ham Radio is Dying?

No. Licensing is on the rise, contest log submittals are in constant growth, the HF bands are dense with stations, and the amount of hype behind AMSAT launches, ISS contacts, and High Altitude Ballooning is massive.

But it is changing.

Over the next twenty years, I expect “traditional” ham radio to stick around. these are things like contesting, homebrewing, working satellites, chatting on repeaters, DXing, tropo, special event operating emcomm/pub service, digital modes, and on and on, anything you can see on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio. All the things you know and love will still be around so long as you are alive and kicking.

But what will happen after the big hump of 40-80 year old hams passes on? To know what ham radio will be like in 20 years, we need to know what the 10-30 age range is up to now. Here’s my analysis from being a kid to now being a person who promotes ham radio to kids:

Age 10-13

Very few kids are getting experience using ham radio to communicate, through scouting and parenting (like the Lee family.) This is also a target age range to learn basic programming skills through game-like tools like https://scratch.mit.edu/ and blinking lights with Arduinos, in between watching YouTube, and playing Nintendo Switch and mobile games.

Age 14-18

Scouting is the main common interest for hams this age. A majority are getting experience making a contact with a ham radio, but won’t go much further. We see a few superhams, like Marty KC1CWFSkyler KD0WHBChris KD8YVJ, and Bryant KG5HVO starting to pop up out of the noise, already having some incredibly noteworthy accomplishments.

This is the range where youth are finding themselves: their likes, dislikes, capabilities, skills, talents, hormones, etc. If ham radio was a part of this part of their life, it’ll likely be a part for the rest of it too.

Age 18-26

Most hams from this range have already been hams before, coming into the hobby around age 12-15, and so they continue their interests in their post-high school career, whether or not it includes college.

College draws a few newcomers too, especially thanks to the Collegiate Amateur Radio Initiative, and the individual education and licensing initatives at collegiate ARCs like W0EEE.

I think we also get a lot of licensee’s in this age range from drone hobbyists, wireless/IOT programmers, and networking gurus who want to experiment with more range out of their devices.

This was the majority of hams at YOTA. From my YOTA experience, the most captivating events were the ISS operation, SOTA excursion, and operating the OE2YOTA special event. However, when prior to everyone getting a Raspberry Pi and a Mikrotik router to link up to HamNet, many groups of hacker-hams chugging through command line interfaces doing who-knows-what was seen throughout the rest of the week.


Overall, young people are growing up in the age of automation, machine learning/AI, IOT, ubiquitous fast internet, cellphones, and wifi, and extremely low-cost, high performance processing and computing (Arduino, STM32, MSP430; RasPi, BeagleBone, etc etc). Contrast that with Baby boomers and Generation X, who grew up in the age of a radio, TV, the maturation of computers and the internet, and the beginnings of technology miniaturization.

With that said, I don’t think ham radio is going away, but it will become more remote, more transparent, more available, and more technologically matured, but as always, like K0NR says, ham radio is all about having fun messing around with radios. And that will never change.

73 es gud 5.8GHz DX in 2037,
a Millennial

credit NØSSC’s Ham Radio Blog

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ham cram success

I havent posted in a while but an update to our class .
we held a class at Berkshire Medical Center and the class was a success. WE had 6 students and 4 passed the test.
our first class was cosidered a success and aslo we had cameras at bmc from pittsfield .
as soon as we get the footage edited I will posted here .
we do have some raw footage that I am posting fromthe class .
I hope some of my readers will will join us and get your ham ticket if you already dont.
heres the raw footage
ham cram footage

ham cram 2

ham cram 3

React 30 years still going

it was 30 years ago when I got my first  cb radio . A midland 40 channel am with 2 cophased mobile antennas. I lived near the thruway so it was easy to talk tot he truckers on ch 19 .

there were no cell phones no gps only your radio for directions or breakdowns or weather reports . React monitored ch 9 and 19. And i was part of that I had my cb radio license kbmc6178 and I ran my react station from my basement and helped a lot of people. 

30 years later i am a licensed ham operator and have a few titles and do a lot of public service . but in the shadows and 30 years later i am still running one of the last react stations. And i believe the last react station in NY.

At this point with cellphones and gps not doing so many breakdowns. but with the assistance of 511NY. I do give out traffic jams ,accidents,construction,even amber alerts and weather reports. I also take weather information from drivers and relay that to the Nws in Albany.

Being a ham hasn’t taken me away from cb but I am doing public service for react on ch 19. I am on the air from 12 noon to 8 pm monday thru fri. and when the weather gets back i will be on the air with server storm warnings. I also transmit amber alerts.

Somethings have changed I live really close to 787 and i can transmit as far as exit 24 so it is easy for me to continue as Albany County react as well as my ham duties .But i no longer have the midland and 2 cophased antennas. I have a anytone cb radio and use a antron 99.. Radio has always been part of my life. I worked for the Hudson valley AAA when it was on washington ave in Albany dispatching tow trucks in the dead of winter.  I was part of the redcross dat which i actually miss. I am a storm chaser as well . 

While react has gotten bigger and has really with traffic control and monitoring  other radio services . I stay old school and keep react alive for what it was designed for.

I hope to continue to keep react alive in Albany county as long as i am able to.Radio has always been a big part of my life i am still a swl and have a gmrs license wxwq702 as well as my ham call kd2jkv and my cb call kbmc6178. i have hts that act as scanners and can listen to the agencies that have not gone p25 .

so if you hear me on the air on cb ch 19 or if between the hours of noon to pm give me shout .

Hamcram 2017

A  fellow ham KC1BYD rich and i have put together a technician licence class and ve exam we call Hamcram 2017.

IT will be at the  Berkshire Medical Center  on april 29 and 30 .

The class will cost $30 this will include lunch and the ve exam on Sunday . Walkins will be allowed for the exam which will cost $15 for the exam only .

The class will be 8 am to 4pm with demonstrations on fusion, wires x , go kits and a live demonstration of an actual traffic net as I will be doing ncs for the Western Mass traffic net.

We are proudly being sponsored by Albany county emergency services club and Northern Berkshire Amateur Radio club and Hamtest online

Rich and I are registered license instructors with the ARRL .

The NoBarc ve team will administering the test.

so anybody that  want to get their license please sign up at our website

Hamcram 2017 website  for more information about the event .

 

Wefax updated

this is not really ham but maybe something to do .
Wefax what is wefax you say ,

WEFAX stands for Weather Facsimile and is similar to other types of fax transmissions. There are currently three different countries that transmit WEFAX, these are the US (GOES), European (Meteosat) and Japanese (GMS ) satellites.

WEFAX is a way of getting monochrome analogue picture information through a standard voice audio channel.  The signal varies rapidly in
frequency and is sampled from a few hundred times per second to a few thousand times per second depending on the type of WEFAX transmitted.
The varying tones correspond to varying shades of gray that the satellite sees as  it scans the earth.

The earth is scanned every half-hour where the raw data is transmitted to a receiver station requiring a 60′ dish with sophisticated computing equipment.
The data is reformatted in real time with political boundaries added and transmitted to the satellite where it is retransmitted back to earth at 1691 MHz. A 1691 MHz down converter and a small dish antenna are required to receive WEFAX.

The WEFAX images received are cut into 800 by 800 pixel sections and annotated. The 800 lines of an image each take 250 ms to transmit; hence a whole picture takes about three and a half minutes to receive. A schedule is published detailing what pictures are transmitted at which times and on what channel

All you need is a shortwave or Amateur radio and software to decode the images .

I use fldigiti which has a wefax mode. I set my radio to 6.340.5 mhz usb an d turn the softeware on . fldigi does a nice job of decoding the wefax signal .

Heres some pics of the images i took this morning.

 

 

A little history of wefax

Marine Radiofacsimile is almost 90 years old! – The earliest broadcasts of weather maps via radiofacsimile appear to have been made in 1926 by American inventor Charles Francis Jenkins in a demonstration to the NAVY. Jenkins is often credited with the invention of the motion picture and later established the first U.S. TV station, W3XK in Wash D.C. and later, Wheaton, MD. RCA and the U.S. Weather Bureau conducted further tests and began cooperative efforts in 1930. While radiofacsimile has been used for everything from transmitting newspapers to wanted posters in the past, the broadcasting of marine weather charts is today the primary application.

Radiofax is transmitted in single sideband which is a refinement of amplitude modulation. The signal shifts up or down a given amount to designate white or black pixels. A deviation less than that for a white or black pixel is taken to be a shade of grey. With correct tuning (1.9 kHz below the assigned frequency for USB, above for LSB), the signal shares some characteristics with SSTV, with black at 1500 Hz and peak white at 2300 Hz.

Usually, 120 lines per minute (LPM) are sent (For monochrome fax, possible values are: 60, 90, 100, 120, 180, 240. For colour fax, LPM can be: 120, 240[1]). A value known as the index of cooperation (IOC) must also be known to decode a radio fax transmission – this governs the image resolution, and derives from early radio fax machines which used drum readers, and is the product of the total line length and the number of lines per unit length (known sometimes as the factor of cooperation), divided by π. Usually the IOC is 576.

So if you want something else to do with your shortwave or ham rig . you can have fun recieving wefax images .

(update) these aere new pics drop down 2 kz from the assigned frequency .

 

KD2JKV INSTRUCTOR

Yes i am now an instructor and thanks to a ham freind of mine i have been doing more ve sessions .

on march 25 /26 I have been invited to not only do the exam session but I will also be teaching the class.

This is to show to all new hams never give up and keep driving to what  you want if some group dont want you because they only want extras.

I am proud to be an instructor and hope I will have many more chances to teach tech classes.

and to ve teams in the areas in and around the capitol area of new york state , western mass, vermont,and New hampshire and you need instructors and ve for your tech class and session . You can email me KD2JKV@arrl.net .

image158

 

General VE descrimated against

Over a year ago when I upgraded to General . I took my ve test and passed and got my ve credentials. In the year since then I have asked and begged to part of the ve team. I have only one session and that was from Ballston spa who are not afraid to have Generals help out with the exam session.

Think how many sessions their have been in the past year in a 50 mile radius. 10 ,15 maybe I only need 3 sessions in order to get the Hamtest online extra course for free.

I have emailed , posted on fb and have my credentials every where I go. I was a event a few weeks ago and a Ham saw my credentials and said “Get your extra then call me.”why did he not say hey wanna help out with our next session?

The answer is get your extra .I understand I can only grade tech exams however there are plenty of jobs I can do in the exam that does not require grading exams.

like pass out tests. check they have the right info , hand out the signed csce or take the money for the exam and collect tests.

As I talk to otherGeneral  Ves around the country it seems they get used regularly to ve sessions to help out and not grading tests.

Hamtest online is giving free extra courses to ves who have 3 or more sessions so they can upgrade to extra for free.

Now let me ask you all a question . here in the northeast part of ny you want ves to be extras and yet you wont allow your general ves to part of an exam to get the credit to get the course.

Doesnt that make you a hypocrite? You do realize ve sessions are volunteer ?

so how come  Generals who have to take the same ve test as the extras do not get to join ve teams unless they have their extra.

I have been to ve sessions and I see a lot more going on than grading exams .

Are general ves not smart enough to pass out tests, take money . pass out csce , pick up tests as people get done or check  they have the right forms filled out ?

Are extras the only ones smart enough to that stuff? I think the ARRL let generals be ve for a reason .

If you want General ve to be extras then why don’t you help the generals get the credit for the free extra course so they can do more grading as extras.

Your not paying the ve team they are volunteers . If generals can hold other positions in the ARRL which requires more extensive training then ves and a eyebrow isnt batted.

So I am still looking for a reason not to include general ve in your sessions other than we can only grade tech tests.

If the ARRL says generals can be in ve sessions who are you to say they can’t be because you want all extras in your session?

Ask your self is that not descrinination to the Generals who just want to help out in ve sessions and get credit to get the free Hamterst online course to become extra. Why don’t you help your fellow General operators achieve their  extra. All it takes is 3 ve sessions. why not have a General sit on the session even if its to pass out tests so they can get credit for the session .

It wont cost you anything or take away from the exam or make your session look bad.

Remember the ARRL  said we can be VE and we took and passed a test and to be accredited as a ve just like the extras have.

 

In closing let Generals help out with test sessions they are accredited by the ARRL and are willing to help out in the session. Not everything is onloy for extras . Generals have studied and passed the same test you extra have. And I thought we were all in the same hobby for the same purpose as far as test sessions go.

How would you extra feel if there was a event you wanted to volunteer for and you studied and tested to be able to do that event  and you were told ” I am sorry we omly accept Generals.”How would you feel ?

Ham radio Brotherhood

They say Ham radio is a community .I believe its more like a fraternity

let me explain. When I first started in this hobby it was hard to find people to have a qso with . I would come on to talk the repeater would shut up .I would find someone to talk to they would talk for like   a minute before they cleared.

I thought I was being shunned however I learned that it was initation  . like colleges you have to pledge to a fraternity you have to pledge to the brotherhood of ham radio .

after 2 years and scratching my up I learned this hobby is a brotherhood a fraternity if you will.

I have a lot of friends and I have a lot of people who helped me with this hobby and i found my own niche .I am glad i stuck it out and I am glad i have been accepted into the brother hood.

To all the news hams out there that feel they are being shunned don’t be discouraged .

Keep pressing on and remember this is a brotherhood , a fraternity and you will a pledge process to go through .

After you pass the pledge process you will be accepted into the brotherhood and you will have tons of People who help you and guide you on your journey through the greatest hobby on earth.

Just be patient and headstrong and remember Listen,listen,Listen .and be patient and find your own way in this hobby .

it took me 2 years to figure out the hobby works now I am having a ton of fun and have made a lot of freinds on the radio and in real life as well .

This post is for ther new hams who feel as I did when I first started.you will be accepted and you will see how many friends you will have on the radio. have fun enjoy yourself and join a lifelong brother hood as I did.

6 meter am an old mode revisited

It’s an old mode that really hasn’t been utilized since the 60s. I acquired a 6 meter am only radio and a ham friend gave me a 6 meter beam .

So i decided to bring back the old mode on 6 meters. I know am is alive and well on other bands like 40 m and 80 meters.

I am trying to put together a group of operators who would like to us am om 6 meters in a rag chew .

Six Meter AM has been picking up over the last few years due in part to many older “boatanchor” type radios being fixed up for use and a few articles from various ham radio magazines

.If you can please join us on 6 meters am from 8 to 10 pm weeknight on 50.4and let’s have some fun on this mode and band

there are actually 6 meter nets alive and well .

There also are a lot of neat radios listed there… All boatanchors for 6M.

Six Meter AM Nets

 

Net Freqy Day Time Zone Location
Toledo Ohio 50.36 Sunday 6:00 AM ET Midwest
Moline Illinois 6M AM Net 50.4 Tuesday 8:00 PM CT Midwest WC9M Net control.
6 Meter SE Mass/Cape Cod Area Net 50.4 Saturday 8:00 AM ET Northeast
Buffalo NY AM Group 50.4 Wednesday 7:30 ET Northeast
Northern PA 6M AM Net 50.4 Saturdays 8:00 PM ET Northeast
The Sunday Morning Coffee Net 50.4 Sunday 9:00 AM ET Northeast This net is one of the oldest continuous VHF nets in the US going back to the beginning of the 5 Meter Band! Washington DC area.
Northwest AM Net 50.4 Sunday and Wednesday 8:00 PM PT Northwest
Central Florida 6M AM Net 50.4 Wednesday 8:00 PM ET Southeast K4DEE usual net control op.
Arizona AM Net 50.4 Saturday 8:00 PM MT Southwest
Saugus California 6 Meter AM Net 50.4 Friday 7:30 PM PT West Coast Net Control – Dave Booth, KC6WFS.
SCV AM Net 50.4 Sunday 9:00 AM PT West Coast SVC CA
 Albany, NY  50.4  Nightly  ?  ET  Northeast
Southern California 6 Meter Club 50.5 Sunday 10:00 AM PT West Coast
Cleveland Ohio 6 Meter AM Net 50.55 Friday or Saturday 9:00 PM ET Midwest
Cleveland Ohio 6 Meter AM Net 50.55 Sunday 10:00 AM ET Midwest
Cleveland Ohio 6 Meter AM Net 50.55 Tuesday 9:00 PM ET Midwest
Wadsworth Ohio 6 Meter Net 50.55 Sunday 10:00 AM ET Midwest
Media PA 6 Meter Net 50.55 Sunday 9:00 PM ET Northeast
Fort Wayne Indiana 6M AM Net 50.58 Nightly 7:00 PM ET Midwest